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A comparison of the parasitoid wasp species richness of tropical forest sites in Peru and Uganda – subfamily Rhyssinae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae)use asterix (*) to get italics
Tapani Hopkins, Hanna Tuomisto, Isrrael C. Gómez, Ilari E. SääksjärviPlease use the format "First name initials family name" as in "Marie S. Curie, Niels H. D. Bohr, Albert Einstein, John R. R. Tolkien, Donna T. Strickland"
<p style="text-align: justify;">The global distribution of parasitoid wasp species richness is poorly known. Past attempts to compare data from different sites have been hampered by small sample sizes and lack of standardisation. During the past decades, we have carried out long-term Malaise trapping using a standardised approach in the tropical forests of Peru (western Amazonia) and Uganda (eastern Africa). Here, we test how well such data can be used for global comparisons, by comparing the results for the subfamily Rhyssinae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). We found that more rhyssine species were caught in Peru than in Uganda, despite the Ugandan samples containing many more individuals both in absolute terms and per unit time. The difference in the number of individuals caught may largely be due to more rainfall in Peru, since rain reduces Malaise trap catches. Peruvian traps caught species at a faster rate (per individual caught) than Ugandan traps. We interpret this as a sign that the Peruvian sites have more species than the Ugandan site. Long-term, standardised Malaise trapping showed promise for global comparisons of species richness. Sampling more sites on both continents, and analysing all subfamilies, would give an estimate of which continent has more parasitoid wasp species. We suggest some refinements to the sampling design that would further improve sampling efficiency for future studies.</p>, should fill this box only if you chose 'All or part of the results presented in this preprint are based on data'. URL must start with http:// or https:// should fill this box only if you chose 'Scripts were used to obtain or analyze the results'. URL must start with http:// or https://
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biodiversity, idiobiont parasitoids, latitudinal diversity gradient, Malaise trap, Uganda Malaise trapping 2014-2015, Amazon Malaise trapping 2000
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Biodiversity, Biogeography, Insecta
Jorge Lobo,, Evan Economo,, Joaquín Hortal,, Fabien Condamine,, Pedro Abellán,, Josef Bryja,, Marina Mazón,, Santiago Bordera,, Dave Karlsson,, Peter Mayhew,, Angélica Penteado-Dias suggested: Andrés Fabian Herrera --, Eduardo Shimbori suggested: Helmuth Aguirre <>, Eduardo Shimbori suggested: Roberto Antonio Zucchi <>, Astrid Cruaud suggested: Bernardo F. Santos, Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin., Astrid Cruaud suggested: Seraina Klopfstein, Naturhistorisches Museum Basel. No need for them to be recommenders of PCI Zool. Please do not suggest reviewers for whom there might be a conflict of interest. Reviewers are not allowed to review preprints written by close colleagues (with whom they have published in the last four years, with whom they have received joint funding in the last four years, or with whom they are currently writing a manuscript, or submitting a grant proposal), or by family members, friends, or anyone for whom bias might affect the nature of the review - see the code of conduct
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2023-08-24 18:30:26
Giovanny Fagua