Submit a preprint


Microbiome mediated tolerance to biotic stressors: a case study of the interaction between a toxic cyanobacterium and an oomycete-like infection in *Daphnia magna*use asterix (*) to get italics
Shira Houwenhuyse*, Lore Bulteel*, Isabel Vanoverberghe, Anna Krzynowek, Naina Goel, Manon Coone, Silke Van den Wyngaert, Arne Sinnesael, Robby Stoks & Ellen DecaesteckerPlease use the format "First name initials family name" as in "Marie S. Curie, Niels H. D. Bohr, Albert Einstein, John R. R. Tolkien, Donna T. Strickland"
<p style="text-align: justify;">Organisms are increasingly facing multiple, potentially interacting stressors in natural populations. The ability of populations coping with combined stressors depends on their tolerance to individual stressors and how stressors interact, which may not be correctly captured in controlled laboratory settings. One largely unexplored reason for this is that the microbial communities in laboratory settings often differ from the natural environment, which could result in different stressor responses and interaction patterns. In this study, we investigated the impact of single and combined exposure to a toxic cyanobacterium and an oomycete-like parasite on the performance of three <em>Daphnia magna</em> genotypes. Daphnia individuals were first sterilized and then experimentally given a natural or a laboratory-derived microbial inoculum. Survival, reproduction and body size were monitored for three weeks and gut microbiomes were sampled and characterized at the end of the experiment. Our study confirmed that natural and laboratory microbial inocula and gut microbiomes are differently structured with natural microbiomes being more diverse than laboratory microbiomes. Our results showed that exposure to the stressors reduced <em>D. magna</em> performance compared to the <em>D. magna</em> not exposed to any stressor. An antagonistic interaction between the two biotic stressors was revealed with respect to <em>D. magna</em> survival when Daphnia individuals were exposed to the laboratory microbial inoculum. This effect was consistent across all three genotypes. In Daphnia exposed to a natural microbial inoculum this antagonistic interaction could not be detected and the genotype x exposure interaction was genotype-dependent. Our results indicate that host-stressor interactions depend on the microbial inoculum and that the gut microbiome potentially has a strong role in this, thereby providing a largely unexplored dimension to multiple-stressor research.</p> should fill this box only if you chose 'All or part of the results presented in this preprint are based on data'. URL must start with http:// or https:// should fill this box only if you chose 'Scripts were used to obtain or analyze the results'. URL must start with http:// or https://
You should fill this box only if you chose 'Codes have been used in this study'. URL must start with http:// or https://
Daphnia magna, multiple stressor, interactions, antagonistic, parasite, Microcystis, microbiome
NonePlease indicate the methods that may require specialised expertise during the peer review process (use a comma to separate various required expertises).
Aquatic, Biology, Crustacea, Ecology, Life histories, Symbiosis
No need for them to be recommenders of PCI Zool. Please do not suggest reviewers for whom there might be a conflict of interest. Reviewers are not allowed to review preprints written by close colleagues (with whom they have published in the last four years, with whom they have received joint funding in the last four years, or with whom they are currently writing a manuscript, or submitting a grant proposal), or by family members, friends, or anyone for whom bias might affect the nature of the review - see the code of conduct
e.g. John Doe []
2021-05-17 16:18:18
Bertanne Visser